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Behave: The Biology of Humans at Our Best and Worst

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i109947952 |b1240051900109 |dssbnf |g- |m231111 |h22 |x1 |t5 |i22 |j7 |k170509 |n07-18-2023 19:55 |o- |a612.8 |rSAP The last part of our brains to mature is the prefrontal cortex, which helps regulate emotions and impulses. Well then, it’s no wonder young people are more likely to act on impulse with less consideration of the long term consequences. Since we can clearly link the amygdala to aggression and certain diseases can affect the amygdala, this brings up big questions for the whole logic underneath our justice system.

Sapolsky describes himself as an atheist. [7] [8] He said in his acceptance speech for the Emperor Has No Clothes Award, "I was raised in an Orthodox household, and I was raised devoutly religious up until around age 13 or so. In my adolescent years, one of the defining actions in my life was breaking away from all religious belief whatsoever." [9] Identification with a group matters: Asian American women who took a math test and were primed to think about their being women performed worse at math than men but when they were primed to think about being Asian beforehand they performed better. Although genes influence most things about us, they don’t really determine anything. Part of the reason for that is our genes themselves are regulated by transcription factors, which are affected by the environment. This leads to many genetic effects only being expressed in certain circumstances, like how having the 5HTT gene can increase depression risk, but only in people who experienced childhood adversity. How do scientists know what things are caused by genes or environment? One way is by studying the similarities and differences bWell, a few kids ate the marshmallow right away, the average time was 11 minutes, and about one-third of kids lasted to the end of 15 minutes. But the researchers didn’t stop there, they followed up with the kids years and decades later. The results astounded them! It turns out the kids who were better at resisting the marshmallow (signalling better self control and therefore prefrontal cortex regulation), later in life had better SAT scores, more social success and resilience. Even 40 years later they had lower body mass index and more prefrontal cortex activation during a challenging task inside a brain scanner. Wow!

Culture is that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, up, morals, law, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society. Culture is on the list of explanatory factors for behaviour. i109966624 |b1060006372958 |deve |g- |m231117 |h5 |x0 |t1 |i1 |j70 |k170511 |n12-14-2017 20:02 |o- |a612.8 |rSAP Note that, while our genetics do have some bearing on our actions, Sapolsky believes the nature part of the nature versus nurture debate has less impact than many people believe. The dopaminergic system is about reward (which is why our smartphones can be so addictive). Blunted dopamine receptors is the inability to feel pleasure which can lead to depression.Increasing cognitive word makes liberals more conservative. The time pressure of snap judgements is a version of increased cognitive load. Likewise people become more conservative when tired in pain or distracted with a cognitive task or when blood alcohol levels rise. What do children need from their mother’s? Love want affection responsiveness stimulation consistency and reliability. In their absence you get anxiety depression.

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